Two Juglets (transport of analgesic drug of antiquity – opium) and a cautery Knife

 320,00

price included: a. postage expenses b. luxurius wooden case / exhibit: c. safe transportation d.  all taxes included e. certificate of authenticity (handwritten signature)

Α. Juglet, 16th – 15th c. BC

Β. Trefoil Juglet, Mid-9th – mid 8th c. BC

C. Cautery-Knife Probably Roman period

These juglets were associated with the trade and transport of an important and powerful analgesic drug of antiquity – opium. The bottom of these juglets, present an amazing similarity to a poppy capsule – opium

Product Description

study – diligence: George Damianos
creation plans: Art and science gallery.com
design material: terracotta vase (hand made)
artist: Eugenia Gerontara
dimensions: A. H.14,8 L.8,5  B. H.14 L.10  C. 17cm
edition year: 2016
prototype year:Α. Juglet, 16th – 15th c. BC / Β. Trefoil Juglet, Mid-9th – mid 8th c. BC
based on: A. From Cyprus Athens, Museum of Cycladic Art, B. From Prinias, Herakleion,  Archaeological Museum of Herakleion C. Cautery-Knife , Arcaelogigal museum of Athens
copyright all over the world: Art and science gallery.com

Unique exhibit. Worked by hand. They attributed all the details of the original. (colors, form, etc.)

Α. Juglet, 16th – 15th c. BC

These juglets were associated with the trade and transport of an important and powerful analgesic drug of antiquity – opium. The bottom of these juglets, present an amazing similarity to a poppy capsule -opium

From Cyprus Athens, Museum of Cycladic Art,

H.14,8 L.8,5 

The globular body of the vase is decorated with olive branch along its maximum diameter. Two raised rings encircle the tall cylindrical neck that ends in a funnel-shaped mouth. Τhe colors in all aspect convey the original version

Β. Trefoil Juglet, Mid-9th – mid 8th c. BC

From Prinias, Herakleion, Tomb P. Archaeological Museum of Herakleion

Base is disc-shaped; globular, slightly compressed body; trefoil rim, incised on its upper surface. Vertical ridges produced by applied clay stripes, decorate the belly and shallow incisions ot  the base of the neck. A winding snake is depicted in relief under the handle. Τhe colors faithfully convey the original version

 

COMMENTS – BIBLIOGRAPHY

Juglets of this type were produced in  Cyprus and belong to what has come to be known as Base-Ring Ware, which dates to the Late Bronze Age (16th – 11th c. BC) and was exported to many regions of the Eastern Mediterranean, as the finds from Egypt, Syro-Palestine, the Dodecanese, Crete, and Sicily evedens. Their broad dissemination testifies to the popularity of their shape, and, especially, their contents. These juglets were associated with the trade and transport of an important and powerful analgesic drug of antiquity – opium.

Indeed, The bottom of these juglets, present an amazing similarity to a poppy capsule.A similarity that is stronger in corresponding Cretan examples from the 9th/8th c. BC, which probably replicates the Cypriot originals. It appears therefore, that their shape served to advertise their contents so prospective buyers might easily locate it. Moreover, the results of chemical analyses performed on certain Base-Ring Ware vases confirm the hypothesis that they contained opium

Opium is produced from the papaver somniferum, the opiate poppy. The immature capsule is scored with many longitudinal incisions to allow the milky juice to flow. This precious viscous liquid was probably used as an anaesthetic or even as a sedative for teething infants, rubbed on their gums to relieve their pain . Regarding opium and its use in antiquity

C. Cautery-Knife Probably Roman period

A unique work of art  or any seeking a connection with the history of the Human Mind.  During antiquity, physicians used the blade of this instrument to cut as well as to cauterize a wound, ie, to apply very high heat locally, with the end goal of stopping the bleeding and destroying the pathological tissues of ulcers, fistulas, tumours and dermatoses Galen (xiv.786) mentions that when removing tumours, some physicians would use razor blades that simultaneously cut and cauterized.

Such a sample is exposed to Athens, National Archaeological Museum,

A knife consists of a crescent shaped blade and a rectangular elongated handle .The blade ends in a stylized open-mouthed snake head. Only one of the sides of the knife is curved. The construction is distinguished for its accuracy and form.

COMMENTS

Τhe blade was largely used by physicians who cauterize and cut a wound. The application of extreme heat locally was a way to avoid further infections. Galen (xiv.786) mentions that when removing tumours, some physicians would use razor blades that simultaneously cut and cauterized.
The use of the open mouthed snake eye head was very common in decoration of medical instruments, after had been globbaly used as the symbol of medicin.The unique abillity of the snake to discard its old skin has an immence relationship with the idea of the earth rebirth. This aspect was enriched by the abillity to use its poison for its therapeutical qualities..Snake became the symbol of Asklepios, and was depicted largely in art, always beside the ancient god with all the knowledge of the humman existence.

About the Snake
The snake figure was associated with Asclepios, the ancient Greek God of medicine, and possessed benevolent properties. It was believed to be able to cure a patient or a wounded person just by touch. The snake is also connected with pharmacology and antisepsis, as snakes possess an antivenom against their own poison. The snake is related to sciences associated with poison and death, such as toxicology and toxinology, and it also implies a metaphysical idea. It is connected with the underworld, not only because it crawls on the ground, but because it can bring death, connecting the upper with the underground world. The ability of the snake to shed its skin has been associated with the circle of life, and the renaissance spirit also, ever since early Hellenic antiquity. Consequently, as a symbol of the modern medical profession, toxicology and toxinology, the snake twisted around a stick or the snake beside a pharmapeutic cup, which also implies the use of medicines or even poison, has its roots in the ancient Mediterranean area as proven by the archeological data combined with literary references. Its benevolent as well as its poisonous properties could be paralleled by the similar properties of medicines.