study – diligence: George Damianos
creation plans: Art and science gallery.com
design material: terracotta vase (hand made)
artist: Eugenia Gerontara
dimensions: A. H.14,8 L.8,5 B. H.14 L.10 C. 17cm
edition year: 2016
prototype year:Α. Juglet, 16th – 15th c. BC / Β. Trefoil Juglet, Mid-9th – mid 8th c. BC
based on: A. From Cyprus Athens, Museum of Cycladic Art, B. From Prinias, Herakleion, Archaeological Museum of Herakleion C. Cautery-Knife , Arcaelogigal museum of Athens
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Α. Juglet, 16th – 15th c. BC
These juglets were associated with the trade and transport of an important and powerful analgesic drug of antiquity – opium. The bottom of these juglets, present an amazing similarity to a poppy capsule -opium
From Cyprus Athens, Museum of Cycladic Art,
The globular body of the vase is decorated with olive branch along its maximum diameter. Two raised rings encircle the tall cylindrical neck that ends in a funnel-shaped mouth. Τhe colors in all aspect convey the original version
Β. Trefoil Juglet, Mid-9th – mid 8th c. BC
From Prinias, Herakleion, Tomb P. Archaeological Museum of Herakleion
Base is disc-shaped; globular, slightly compressed body; trefoil rim, incised on its upper surface. Vertical ridges produced by applied clay stripes, decorate the belly and shallow incisions ot the base of the neck. A winding snake is depicted in relief under the handle. Τhe colors faithfully convey the original version
COMMENTS – BIBLIOGRAPHY
Juglets of this type were produced in Cyprus and belong to what has come to be known as Base-Ring Ware, which dates to the Late Bronze Age (16th – 11th c. BC) and was exported to many regions of the Eastern Mediterranean, as the finds from Egypt, Syro-Palestine, the Dodecanese, Crete, and Sicily evedens. Their broad dissemination testifies to the popularity of their shape, and, especially, their contents. These juglets were associated with the trade and transport of an important and powerful analgesic drug of antiquity – opium.
Indeed, The bottom of these juglets, present an amazing similarity to a poppy capsule.A similarity that is stronger in corresponding Cretan examples from the 9th/8th c. BC, which probably replicates the Cypriot originals. It appears therefore, that their shape served to advertise their contents so prospective buyers might easily locate it. Moreover, the results of chemical analyses performed on certain Base-Ring Ware vases confirm the hypothesis that they contained opium
Opium is produced from the papaver somniferum, the opiate poppy. The immature capsule is scored with many longitudinal incisions to allow the milky juice to flow. This precious viscous liquid was probably used as an anaesthetic or even as a sedative for teething infants, rubbed on their gums to relieve their pain . Regarding opium and its use in antiquity
C. Cautery-Knife Probably Roman period
A unique work of art or any seeking a connection with the history of the Human Mind. During antiquity, physicians used the blade of this instrument to cut as well as to cauterize a wound, ie, to apply very high heat locally, with the end goal of stopping the bleeding and destroying the pathological tissues of ulcers, fistulas, tumours and dermatoses Galen (xiv.786) mentions that when removing tumours, some physicians would use razor blades that simultaneously cut and cauterized.
Such a sample is exposed to Athens, National Archaeological Museum,
A knife consists of a crescent shaped blade and a rectangular elongated handle .The blade ends in a stylized open-mouthed snake head. Only one of the sides of the knife is curved. The construction is distinguished for its accuracy and form.
Τhe blade was largely used by physicians who cauterize and cut a wound. The application of extreme heat locally was a way to avoid further infections. Galen (xiv.786) mentions that when removing tumours, some physicians would use razor blades that simultaneously cut and cauterized.
The use of the open mouthed snake eye head was very common in decoration of medical instruments, after had been globbaly used as the symbol of medicin.The unique abillity of the snake to discard its old skin has an immence relationship with the idea of the earth rebirth. This aspect was enriched by the abillity to use its poison for its therapeutical qualities..Snake became the symbol of Asklepios, and was depicted largely in art, always beside the ancient god with all the knowledge of the humman existence.