Kylix and three surgical instruments (A)

 290,00

price included: a. postage expenses b. luxurius wooden case / exhibit: c. safe transportation d.  all taxes included e. certificate of authenticity (handwritten signature)
Kylix and three surgical instruments

A. Bone Lever (fox)

real jewels though was a user tool. Concludes in head fox

B. Cautery-Knife Probably Roman period

A unique work of art  or any seeking a connection with the history of the Human Mind

C. Sharp hook

Perhaps the most elegant tool, actual artwork could keep on hand the doctor at any time if he lived.

D. Kylix 
Black-figure pottery painting in the center painted a snake.

Product Description

study – diligence: George Damianos
creation plans: Art and science gallery.com
design material: brass and ceramic (hande made)
artisti: Nikos and Panos and Eugenia
dimensions:A.: 14,5 cm B. 18cm  C.: 17,8cm D. 22,5 x 7cm (Kylix)
edition year: 2016
prototype year: Probably Roman period
based on: A. & B. & C.  National Archaeological museum, Athens 
copyright all over the world: Art and science gallery.com

A. Bone Lever (fox)

real jewels though was a user tool. Concludes in head fox

Perhaps the most elegant tool, actual artwork could keep on hand the doctor at any time if he lived.

The aesthetic of ancient people is largely admired in places of worship and palaces. We rarely meet this aesthetic in small, usefull tools, as those of a chiropractor. In Egypt, Rome, China the doctor’s toolls were just usefull. But in ancient Greece were astonishing samples of art, always in the service of human need. Justifying the phrase of Thukidides “of our private establishments forms a daily source of pleasure and helps to banish the spleen”

Such a sample is exposed to Athens, National Archaeological Museum.

This particular type of instruments is relatively rare and found mostly in very rich instrumentaria.

The physicians of antiquity describe bone levers as instruments that were usd to move fractured bones into position. Physicians were instructed to have different sizes available and use the type best suited to each case.

 

B. Cautery-Knife Probably Roman period

A unique work of art  or any seeking a connection with the history of the Human Mind. Brass construction. During antiquity, physicians used the blade of this instrument to cut as well as to cauterize a wound, ie, to apply very high heat locally, with the end goal of stopping the bleeding and destroying the pathological tissues of ulcers, fistulas, tumours and dermatoses Galen (xiv.786) mentions that when removing tumours, some physicians would use razor blades that simultaneously cut and cauterized.

Such a sample is exposed to Athens, National Archaeological Museum,

A knife consists of a crescent shaped blade and a rectangular elongated handle .The blade ends in a stylized open-mouthed snake head. Only one of the sides of the knife is curved. The construction is distinguished for its accuracy and form.

COMMENTS

Τhe blade was largely used by physicians who cauterize and cut a wound. The application of extreme heat locally was a way to avoid further infections. Galen (xiv.786) mentions that when removing tumours, some physicians would use razor blades that simultaneously cut and cauterized.
The use of the open mouthed snake eye head was very common in decoration of medical instruments, after had been globbaly used as the symbol of medicin.The unique abillity of the snake to discard its old skin has an immence relationship with the idea of the earth rebirth. This aspect was enriched by the abillity to use its poison for its therapeutical qualities..Snake became the symbol of Asklepios, and was depicted largely in art, always beside the ancient god with all the knowledge of the humman existence.

C. Sharp hook

Perhaps the most elegant tool, actual artwork could keep on hand the doctor at any time if he lived. Verification of Thucydides: “a daily source of pleasure and helps to banish the spleen;”

Such a sample is exposed to Athens, National Archaeological Museum.

COMMENTS

Sharp hooks were used by physicians to immobilize the edges of wounds, tissue sections, blood vessels, et al. They were also used to hold flesh together, as well as to raise up small pieces of tissue for excision, as, for example occurs when removing tonsils, where the hook was used to drag them outward, before they were excised (Paul of Aegina VI., xxx).

D. Kylix 
Black-figure pottery painting in the center painted a snake.
art and science gallery.com 33About the Snake
The snake figure was associated with Asclepios, the ancient Greek God of medicine, and possessed benevolent properties. It was believed to be able to cure a patient or a wounded person just by touch. The snake is also connected with pharmacology and antisepsis, as snakes possess an antivenom against their own poison. The snake is related to sciences associated with poison and death, such as toxicology and toxinology, and it also implies a metaphysical idea. It is connected with the underworld, not only because it crawls on the ground, but because it can bring death, connecting the upper with the underground world. The ability of the snake to shed its skin has been associated with the circle of life, and the renaissance spirit also, ever since early Hellenic antiquity. Consequently, as a symbol of the modern medical profession, toxicology and toxinology, the snake twisted around a stick or the snake beside a pharmapeutic cup, which also implies the use of medicines or even poison, has its roots in the ancient Mediterranean area as proven by the archeological data combined with literary references. Its benevolent as well as its poisonous properties could be paralleled by the similar properties of medicines.

About Kylix and black-figure ceramic (Greek, μελανόμορφα, melanomorpha)

Kylix, also spelled cylix ,
in ancient Greek pottery, wide-bowled drinking cup with horizontal handles, one of the most popular pottery forms from Mycenaean times through the classical Athenian period. There was usually a painted frieze around the outer surface, depicting a subject from mythology or everyday life, and on the bottom of the inside a painting often depicting a dancing or drinking scene. Kylikes were often produced in sets to accompany a wine serving vessel, or krater.

Black-figure pottery painting, also known as the black-figure style or black-figure ceramic (Greek, μελανόμορφα, melanomorpha) is one of the styles of painting on antique Greek vases. It was especially common between the 7th and 5th centuries BC, although there are specimens dating as late as the 2nd century BC. Stylistically it can be distinguished from the preceding orientalizing period and the subsequent red-figure pottery styl

reference
  1. Hygeia, museum of cycladic art
  2. Boudon-Millot, Véronique, Alessia Guardasole, and Caroline Magdelaine, eds. La science médicale antique: Nouveaux regards; études réunies en l’honneur de Jacques Jouanna. Paris: Beauchesne, 2007.
  3. Michaelides, Demetrios, ed. Medicine and Healing in the Ancient Mediterranean World. Oxford: Oxbow, 2014.
  4. Nutton, Vivian. Ancient Medicine. 2d ed. New York: Routledge, 2013.
  5. Schwartz, S.I., J.E. Fischer, F. C. Spencer, G.T. Shires, and J.M. Daly. Principles of Surgery, 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1998
  6. Scarborough, J. 1968. Roman Medicine and the Legions: A Reconsideration. Medical History 12: 254-61.

John_Stuart_Mill_by_London_Stereoscopic_Company,_c1870

 

read also

SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS
IN GREEK AND ROMAN TIMES
BY JOHN STEWART MILNE, M.A., M.D. Aberd.

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