creation plans: Art and science gallery.com
design material: GOLD 18k = 7500
artist’s: Nikos and Panos
edition year: 2016
prototype year: Probably Roman period
based on: National Arcaelogical museum, Athens
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GOLD 18k = 7500
A. Cautery-Knife Probably Roman period
A unique work of art or any seeking a connection with the history of the Human Mind. Gold construction (18k = 7500). During antiquity, physicians used the blade of this instrument to cut as well as to cauterize a wound, ie, to apply very high heat locally, with the end goal of stopping the bleeding and destroying the pathological tissues of ulcers, fistulas, tumours and dermatoses Galen (xiv.786) mentions that when removing tumours, some physicians would use razor blades that simultaneously cut and cauterized.
Such a sample is exposed to Athens, National Archaeological Museum,
A knife consists of a crescent shaped blade and a rectangular elongated handle .The blade ends in a stylized open-mouthed snake head. Only one of the sides of the knife is curved. The construction is distinguished for its accuracy and form.
Τhe blade was largely used by physicians who cauterize and cut a wound. The application of extreme heat locally was a way to avoid further infections. Galen (xiv.786) mentions that when removing tumours, some physicians would use razor blades that simultaneously cut and cauterized.
The use of the open mouthed snake eye head was very common in decoration of medical instruments, after had been globbaly used as the symbol of medicin.The unique abillity of the snake to discard its old skin has an immence relationship with the idea of the earth rebirth. This aspect was enriched by the abillity to use its poison for its therapeutical qualities..Snake became the symbol of Asklepios, and was depicted largely in art, always beside the ancient god with all the knowledge of the humman existence.
- Hygeia, museum of cycladic art
- Boudon-Millot, Véronique, Alessia Guardasole, and Caroline Magdelaine, eds. La science médicale antique: Nouveaux regards; études réunies en l’honneur de Jacques Jouanna. Paris: Beauchesne, 2007.
- Michaelides, Demetrios, ed. Medicine and Healing in the Ancient Mediterranean World. Oxford: Oxbow, 2014.
- Nutton, Vivian. Ancient Medicine. 2d ed. New York: Routledge, 2013.
- Schwartz, S.I., J.E. Fischer, F. C. Spencer, G.T. Shires, and J.M. Daly. Principles of Surgery, 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1998
- Scarborough, J. 1968. Roman Medicine and the Legions: A Reconsideration. Medical History 12: 254-61.
IN GREEK AND ROMAN TIMES
BY JOHN STEWART MILNE, M.A., M.D. Aberd.
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